This is how the Venezuelan army is modernizing its weapon systems

The Venezuelan Bolivarian Army announced in January the start of the bicentennial maintenance and repair campaign for armored equipment, artillery and tactical vehicles for all of its units. The work is coordinated by the Logistics Command and the Armaments Service, which for several years have been involved in a process of restoring and modernizing various weapon systems of German, American, French and English origins, acquired at the beginning of the decade of the 1970s. In addition, there are a number of Austrian, Russian, Chinese and nationally manufactured tactical vehicles which, as soon as they are ready for use, will complement the Russian and Chinese weapon systems acquired in 2009.

The armored asset rearmament project dates back to October 2013 when the Army reported the $ 70.4 million allocation for the 2014 fiscal year budget for Western armored asset armament. It will be conducted at the facilities of the Armored Maintenance Center (CEMABLIN) at Fort Paramacay in Valencia, Carabobo state, and the Tactical Vehicle Maintenance Center, a unit operating out of Fort Guaicaipuro in Charallave, Miranda state. The work would be carried out by employees of the Bolivarian Army, into which Spanish and Russian personnel were added over time.

The armor and transport equipment that has been modernized is described as follows:


Work on the Nexter AMX-13M56-VTT family of vehicles includes the installation of a new PRC-189 communication system of Chinese origin, NBC protection system, day and night vision system, fire system and, most notably, improvement. This is the integration of the revolver MB2-04 developed by the Russian company Muromjteplovoz. The tower MB2-04 can be rotated 360 degrees with an elevation angle of -5 to +70 and is used as a weapon system for the fight against z. B. Troops, lightly armored vehicles and aircraft designed at low altitude. For which it has a 2A42 30mm automatic cannon, a 12.7mm corded machine gun, a 7.62mm PTK machine gun, and three artificial launchers on each side of the structure. As an electronic system, it has a TKN-4GA day / night viewer and an electromechanical stabilization system.


Acquired directly by the British company Alvis Cars (now BAE Land Systems) in the late 1980s, the Venezuelan Army received FV-101 Scorpion (locally known as Scorpion 90), FV-105 Sultan Command Post and FV-105 light tanks Recuperators. 106 Samson, who are part of the staff of the 91st Armored Horse Brigade in the southeast of the country. The update and improvement work on the Scorpion 90 and its escort vehicles of the same series at Fort Tiuna, Miranda State, focused on the main maintenance of the Detroit Diesel Power Plant, Transmission, Suspension, Model 6V-53T. electrical system and communication. In addition, in the combat version, a thermal imaging camera from the Belgian company Pegasus Technologies is installed on the main weapon, with which the armor has infrared and night vision via a Barco NV TX-126 monitor.


The process of upgrading the Nexter AMX-30VE medium tanks and AMX-30D salvage tanks will continue in the final stages, despite the sanctions affecting Venezuela, as some of the vehicles have already been included in the tank battalions of the combat forming the 11th Tank Brigade in Fort Mara, Zulia State. The improvements included the installation of a new fire protection system, a digital weather mast, daytime and thermal cameras, a digital stabilization unit and a GPS / GLONASS receiver. An additional 7 kW generator and new tracks will also be installed.

Tactical vehicles

Currently, the fleet of tactical vehicles of the land component of the Bolivarian armed forces consists of models of different origins, but for the past five years they have been oriented towards their association with vehicles and trucks of national production or of Japanese origin. Chinese and Russian. The fleet of light tactical vehicles consists of the Emsoven 4×4 Tiuna developed in Venezuela, the Chinese manufacturer SAIC Iveco 4×4 and Jeep 4×4 Warrior 2020 as well as the militarized Toyota Hilux 4×4 of Japanese origin.

In the tactical truck segment, they have vehicles from the Beiben 6×6 series, a Chinese version of the Mercedes Benz NG2629, which is produced in its 4×4 under license by NorthBenz Heavy Duck Truck and the Urals, the star product of the Russian manufacturer Ural Automotive, and 4×4 Versions. 6×6. All of these trucks were purchased in different variants, including troop transport, weapons platform, command and communication post, tanker, health or training.

New quick response units

In a ceremony in the central courtyard of the General Command of the Army in Fort Tiuna, the General Commander of the Army, MG Domingo Hernndez Lrez, the Minister of Defense, and the Commander in Chief of the Bolivarian Armed Forces, Vladimir Padrino, presented a new maneuvering unit of the Army component called the URRA (Rapid Reaction Unit ) EJB 200, which would be part of the operational units across the Venezuelan territory. These new elements, designed as a train or company formation (depending on the area of ​​application), were conceived for their flexibility, mobility, maneuverability and deterrent power and equipped with multi-purpose fire systems on board of tactical vehicles from Toyota Hilux 4×4 and Emsoven Tiuna 4×4 (recently from Tactical Vehicle Maintenance Center commissioned), armed with 7.62mm FN-MAG machine guns and 60mm MO-60 mortars from TDA Armements, and 2020 Jeep Warrior equipped with a 106mm M40A1 recoilless canister. (Douglas Bravo Colmenares)

Photo: Scorpion 90 updated.

Vehicles of the new URRA

Photos: Courtesy of CEOFAN and Bolivarian Army of Venezuela.

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