Two of the hovercraft or hovercraft project 12322 ?? Zubr ?? of the Russian Navy were tested in an amphibious exercise off the Baltic coast. The two hovercraft or LCAC (Air-Cushuded Landing Craft) are christened “Yevgeny Kocheschkow”. and “Mordovia” are part of the project 12322-class “Zubr”, which was started in Soviet times. They displace 555 tons at full load and are the largest ever built, which doesn’t stop them from reaching top speeds of up to 63 knots.
They are specially designed to transport amphibious assault units and some of their equipment ashore and to support their artillery systems with fire at the time of landing. The Russian Defense Ministry reported on the development of this supposed amphibian: ?? On the way to the beach, the LCAC crews used the two automatic support weapon systems or the CIWS (Close-In Weapon System) AK-630 equipped with a 30mm multi-barrel cannon (six) for shooting at surface and air targets. They can also generate support for the Marines with their two 140mm saturation rocket launcher systems model “Ogon”. While performing combat training tasks, they also carried out amphibious assault landings on the unprepared coast. The other protagonists of the landing were the personnel of an air strike company of the marines of the Baltic Fleet and their ten armored personnel carriers BTR-82A ??.
During the exercise, damage control tasks were carried out on board and actions were carried out simulating an environment contaminated with nuclear, chemical and biological weapons of mass destruction, both at sea and on land.
Although quite a few questioned the amphibious capabilities of the LCACs in their day due to their vulnerability to enemy fire, today their ability to move over land, dodging small obstacles (trenches and ditches) and minefields, and moving through swamps is new rated. and thus be able to disembark the troops after overcoming this enemy defense. The almighty US Navy is also in the process of strengthening and modernizing this capacity.
The Russian Baltic enclave of Kaliningrad, where the Russian Navy carried out the exercise with the LCAC, is bordered to the north and east by Poland and Lithuania (the two countries are part of NATO), a former Soviet territory in 1945 (East Prussia) occupied and annexed, giving Russia its only port on the Baltic coast that does not freeze in winter, so that the headquarters of its Baltic fleet moved from St. Petersburg to Kaliningrad. (Julio Maíz Sanz).
Photo: One of the Project 12322 class LCACs ?? Zubr ?? On the beach you can see a BTR-82A in front of you. (Photo Ministry of Defense of Russia).
One of the Baltic Fleet Marines’ BTR-82As in the background is the LCAC of Project 12322, from which it just disembarked. (Photo Ministry of Defense of Russia).
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